OBSERVING THE VOLCANO WORLD

Edited by Carina Fearnley, Deanne Bird, Gill Jolly, Katherine Haynes and Bill McGuire Hardcover 771 pages Publisher Springer International (2018) ISBN: 3319440950

First, the book explores the unique nature of volcanic hazards, which makes them a particularly challenging threat to forecast and manage, due in part to their varying spatial and temporal characteristics. Second, it presents lessons learned on how to best manage volcanic events based on a number of crises that have shaped our understanding of volcanic hazards and crises management. Third, it discusses the diverse and wide-ranging aspects of communication involved in crises, which merge old practices and new technologies to accommodate an increasingly challenging and globalised world. The information and insights presented here are essential to tapping established knowledge, moving towards more robust volcanic crises management, and understanding how the volcanic world is perceived from a range of standpoints and contexts around the globe.

WORLD ATLAS OF NATURAL HAZARDS

W.J. McGuire, O. Willetts, P. Burton, & C. Kilburn Hardcover: 128 pages Publisher: Hodder Arnold (27 Aug 2004) Language English ISBN-10: 034076405

In the opening year of the new millennium, an astonishing one in every thirty people on the planet were affected by floods, storms, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and other natural phenomena. Rapid-onset geophysical hazards (natural hazards or geohazards) have always exacted a devastating toll on society, both in terms of damage to property and infrastructure and loss of life. During the last millennium it is estimated that over 12 million deaths resulted from over one hundred thousand natural catastrophes triggered by geohazards. In the 20th century alone, the numbers of lives lost may be as high as 3.5 million, and there is little sign, at present, of the situation improving. In fact, the last three decades have seen a dramatic and worrying escalation, both in the numbers of natural catastrophes caused by geohazards, and in the accompanying economic and insured losses. This is partly due to the increasing concentration of both people and wealth in regions of high vulnerability, but the situation is exacerbated by extreme events associated with climate change and by direct human action such as deforestation and urbanisation. The World Atlas of Natural Hazards presents an authoritative yet accessible picture of the perils our planet and our society currently face and a view of the range and scale of threats that may be expected in the new century and beyond. The atlas incorporates a narrative that is driven by maps, images and graphics to paint portraits of natural hazards in space and time, the manner in which they impinge upon our society, and what we can do to avoid, mitigate, or manage their worst excesses. New research that sheds light on processes and mechanisms is addressed, along with established and innovative methodologies designed to limit the impact of natural hazards and reduce associated risk. The book opens with an introduction to the historical development of hazard and risk mapping and closes with a sober assessment of prospects for the future.

NATURAL HAZARDS AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE

W.J. McGuire, I. Mason , & C. Kilburn Paperback: 202 pages Publisher: Hodder Arnold (2 Jan 2002) Language English ISBN-10: 0340742208 Text book for senior undergraduates and postgraduates

The changing relationships between hazard and environmental change are examined from the recent geological past to the present day, allowing for discussion of the lessons to be learned from the past in predicting and understanding future hazards. This book highlights and critically evaluates the accumulating evidence for an intimate link between natural hazards - both in terms of type and frequency - and environmental change. This link is examined from two viewpoints: firstly, how environmental change can contribute to an increased level of hazardous natural phenomena, and secondly, how natural hazards themselves may lead to environmental change, on a local, regional, or even global scale.

ITALIAN VOLCANOES

Chris Kilburn & Bill McGuire - Hardcover: 166 pages Publisher: Terra Publishing (13 Aug 2001) Language English ISBN-10: 1903544041

Based on intimate knowledge and extensive research, Italian Volcanoes provides a complete introductory guide to one of the world’s best known and most intensively studied volcanic areas. It is a unique guide to volcanic geology and an exciting introduction to how volcanoes work. Italy is the classic country for exploring volcanoes. Eruptions at Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei, Etna, Stromboli and Vulcano have shaped the course of European history and fired the revolution that transformed volcanology into a modern science. Recent effusions on Etna have inspired pioneering attempts to control lava flows. Smouldering Vesuvius, home to more than 600,000 people, is among the most dangerous volcanoes on Earth. Twelve detailed itineraries have been specially chosen to highlight the spectrum of volcanic products, their threat to human activity and their importance to understanding how volcanoes behave. The tours include world-famous locations as well as unusual sites off the beaten track. They are supported by comprehensive selections of additional locations for creating self-tailored excursions, key internet sites for discovering the latest news on each volcano’s activity, and useful tips on when to go and how to get there. Richly illustrated with maps and photographs, this guide is ideal for all geologists, amateur and professional, and also for visitors to Italy who have been captivated by some of the world’s most spectacular volcanoes.

THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF GEOLOGICAL CATASTROPHES

(Geological Society Special Publication) W.J. McGuire (Editor), Dafydd Griffiths (Editor), P.L. Hancock (Editor), Iain Stewart (Editor) Hardcover: 440 pages Publisher: Geological Society Publishing House (7 April 2000) Language English ISBN-10: 1862390622

Archaeology is playing an increasingly important role in unravelling the details of geological catastrophes that occurred in the past few millennia. This collection of papers addresses both established and innovative archaeological methods and techniques, and their application in examining the impact of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. This comprehensive volume includes case studies from around the world, such as Europe, Africa, SE Asia, Central and North America; covering historical and archaeological aspects of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Although the bulk of the collection views earthquakes and volcanic eruptions as agents of destruction, the volume also considers their potential benefits to past cultures - providing materials for tools, building and sculpture, and even the fertile environmental conditions on which society depended. New geophysical, geological, and archaeological methods and techniques are described and the application of these new ideas presented, providing improved knowledge of these ancient catastrophes. There is a strong focus on arguably the most prominent geological catastrophe in the archaeological record - the Bronze Age eruption of Thera (Santorini, Greece) and its consequent regional impacts on Minoan culture. This multidisciplinary text is of benefit to academic researchers and educators in archaeology, palaeoseismology and volcanology alike.

VOLCANO INSTABILITY ON THE EARTH AND OTHER PLANETS

(Geological Society Special Publication) W.J. McGuire (Editor), A.P. Jones (Editor), J Neuberg (Editor) Hardcover: 390 pages Publisher: Geological Society Publishing House (15 April 1996) Language English ISBN-10: 1897799608

Since the eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980, edifice instability and collapse have been recognised at numerous volcanoes, both currently active and within the geological record, and the phenomena are now recognised as normal occurrences within the life-cycles of all types of volcano. This volume contains a selection of papers, which together form a representative cross-section of contemporary research into volcano instability both on Earth and other terrestrial bodies in the Solar System. The papers are broadly grouped, with the first two summarising contemporary issues and addressing the development of volcano instability within the solar system. The following five papers focus upon the different ways in which a volcanic edifice may be destabilised and experience structural failure, while the succeeding four papers examine instability monitoring and hazard implications. The bulk of the volume is devoted to the description and discussion of instability-related processes and products at specific volcanoes or volcanic regions, both submarine and subaerial and on Mars and Venus, while the final paper examines instabilities within the plumbing system of Stromboli volcano.

MONITORING ACTIVE VOLCANOES

W.J. McGuire (Editor), etc. (Editor), J.B. Murray (Editor), Christopher J. Kilburn (Editor) Hardcover: 432 pages Publisher: Routledge (30 Mar 1995) Language English ISBN-10: 1857280369

Monitoring active volcanoes is a comprehensive text which addresses the importance of volcano surveillance in the context of forecasting eruptive activity and mitigating its effects. The spectacular and climactic eruption of Mount St Helens in May 1980 heralded not only the worst series of volcanic disasters since the early years of this century but also an increase in the level and quality of scientific research aimed at understanding better how volcanoes function and how their detrimental effects on society can be mitigated. A critical element in the achievement of these goals lies in the development and operation of volcano monitoring techniques and procedures aimed at providing a greater understanding of the nature of volcanic "plumbing" systems, and the ability to generate better-constrained predictions about the form and timing of future eruptive behaviour. All the techniques currently in use in volcano monitoring around the world are systematically discussed in the book, including not only the traditional core of seismic and ground deformation monitoring, but also more innovative techniques involving, for example, the recording of microgravity and micromagnetic variations, and the changing compositions of volcanic gases and liquids. The increasingly important role of Earth observation satellites is stressed, particularly with regard to the recently acquired capabilities for measuring surface deformation, recognising thermal anomalies, and monitoring gas and ash plumes from space-based platforms. Incorporating the most up-to-date research, "Monitoring active volcanoes" provides an invaluable insight into how and why volcanoes are monitored. As such, it constitutes essential reading for not only professional volcanologists and geophysicists but also postgraduates in these fields, and for all Earth scientists with an interest in one of the planet's most enigmatic and destructive phenomena.